# How can I use the Mapping Toolbox 2.7.2 (R2009a) to

How can I use the Mapping Toolbox 2.7.2 (R2009a) to map a specific region of pixels to lat-lon coordinates?

I am using a GeoTIFF file, and I would like to know how to do the necessary projections to allow me to map pixels to latitude-longitude coordinates.

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You can relate image rows and columns to latitude-longitude (if the GeoTIFF file is referenced to a geographic coordinate system) or to map X-Y coordinates (if the GeoTIFF is referenced to a projected coordinate system). First call GEOTIFFINFO and examine the INFO structure that it returns. Examine the ‘ModelType’ field to see what kind of system the image is in. Then you can use the 3-by-2 referencing matrix in the ‘RefMatrix’ field of the INFO structure to map X-Y or latitude-longitude limits to column and row limits. See functions MAP2PIX and LATLON2PIX.

If it turns out that the image is in a projected coordinate system but you have limits that are specified as a latitude-longitude quadrangle, you can pass the INFO structure to the PROJFWD function, along with latitudes and longitudes defining the corner points of the quadrangle. It will return those corner points in map X-Y, which you can pass on into MAP2PIX.

Note that MAP2PIX and LATLON2PIX may return row/column values that are less than 1 or that exceed the number or columns or rows in the image. In this case you can clamp them before calling IMREAD.

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## Technical Source

Simple! That is me, a simple person. I am passionate about knowledge and reading. That’s why I have decided to write and share a bit of my life and thoughts to.