How to extract data from txt file and plot spectogram?

Technical Source
2 min readJun 9, 2023



I have a large sample of data (100000 samples) in txt file consisting of time and amplitude of the signal.

I want to plot spectogram. The code is not at all able to extract the .txt file at all along the path.

Kindly advice me as how to extract data from txt file when data is very large as it is in my case and hence to plot the spectogram.

The code is as below:

close all;
freq_sam = 100000; % samples in tt1 data
period_tt1 = 0.005; % time period
freq_tt1 = 1/period_tt1; % frequency
data = importdata('D:\Data_tokamak\data\obp.txt');
x_data = data(:,1);
y_data = data(:,2);
signal_tt1 = data;
fft_tt1 = fft(signal_tt1); % fourier transform
fft_tt1 = fftshift(fft_tt1); % performing fft shift
f = freq_sam/2*linspace(-1,1,freq_sam);
plot(f, fft_tt1);

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I prefer the pspectrum function for these analyses. See specifically Spectrogram and Reassigned Spectrogram of Chirp for an example of returning the data and plotting it as well.

data = readmatrix('D:\Data_tokamak\data\obp.txt');
x_data = data(:,1);
y_data = data(:,2);
Ts = mean(diff(x_data))
Fs = 1/Ts;
pspectrum(y_data, Fs, 'spectrogram') % Plot 'pspectrum' 'spectrogram'
[sp,fp,tp] = pspectrum(y_data,fs,"spectrogram"); % Return Values, Then Plotfigure
set(gca,XDir="reverse",View=[60 60])
ylabel("Time (s)")




Technical Source

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