sample from arbitrary continuous distribution

Say I have a very complicated probability distribution function: x^(-2)*y^(-3)*exp(-z/t), where x y z t are all continuous positive numbers. The integration in x,y,z,t space is not 1, so there has to be some scaling factor. How can I devise a function, or is there a convenient function with some symbolic that allows me to sample a random, continuous set of numbers from this distribution? What if I want to sample a full conditional distribution, say x, with y,z,t as known?

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There are two key elements to your problem:

  • Sampling from an arbitrary distribution
  • Sampling from a multivariate distribution (and are those variables correlated?)

To do the first part — for example just getting samples from x^(-2) — there is a method using the inverse of the cdf. I suggest you take a look at this thread in the old MATLAB forum to get started.

If you have independent variables, then you can just multiply the distributions of each variable. If you have dependent variables, then your best bet is to use the copula approach.

There are examples in that documentation that will help you get started. I suggest that you try some baby steps for each of th

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