Simulink asynchronous generator voltage input clarification

Hi there.

I’ve found a lot of models on simulink of DFIG’s using the simscape ‘asynchronous machine block’. The left side of the machine with “Tm, A, B, C” inputs represents the stator side.

When the machine is operating as a generator why is it that we supply a voltage to the stator, this doesn’t really make sense to me as the stator is producing active power fed to the grid/load. In operation as a machine it makes sense however.

I also undertsnd that the rotor requires an input current for magnetisation and therefore to induce a voltage.

Could anyone possible clarify why is it that there is a voltage fed to the stator when operating as a generator as conceptually I don’t understand it. Any response would be greatly appreciated.

ANSWER

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Hi ,

For an induction machine to operate, you must be able to generate a rotating field on both the rotor and stator. The fields couple through the air gap, giving you power transmission through torque and speed. The machine cares less about the direction of power travel than you’d expect!

The connections from Simscape set up both voltage and current constraints for the underlying electrical net. The machine itself appears to the network essentially as a grouping of inductors and speed-dependent source terms. So by connecting the speed, torque, and electrical terminals, Simscape is constructing a circuit network where it simultaneously solves for all the voltages and currents that make a consistent operating point and satisfy the power/speed inputs, too. If it helps, you can think of Simscape networks operating a little more like SPICE than an explicit ODE solver.

Contrast this with a purely Simulink driven system, where you’d generally begin by formulating the machine equations to solve for the output of the flux linkage differential equations

in dynamic operation

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